What is Babylon?
King Sargon's empire collapsed at around 1800 B.C.E. The invaders then settled in the city of Babylon, about 150 miles northwest of Ur, Sumer's capital city. Babylon became a powerful city and an empire grew around it. This is known as the Babylonian Empire.
How Did Babylon Become Stronger?
Around 2000 B.C.E, Babylon was a small city-state. Then about two hundred years ago, a man named Hammurabi became the king of Babylon. Within a decade, Hammurabi transformed Babylon into a large center of power and trade. He also united all of Mesopotamia under his rule. After Hammurabi established the Babylonian Empire, he focused on organizing societies under one code of laws. Hammurabi also directed projects for the good of his people, such as building a wall to keep out his enemies, restoring old temples, and making the grid-like city streets of today. Hammurabi certainly was a successful ruler.