End of New Babylonia and Mesopotamia
The New Babylonian Empire lasted for about 100 years. In about 550 B.C., New Babylonia was plagued with poor harvests, leading to a decrease of trade. Also, a string a weak rulers caused New Babylonia to lose its power. Finally, in 539 B.C., the Persians to the east invaded New Babylonia. The city was captured, and Mesopotamia became part of the Persian Empire. The long, prosperous era of Mesopotamia was finally over.